Tag: Risotto Tradition

Legendary Dishes | Risotto con Salsa di Nebbiolo e Pere (rice with pears and red wine sauce)

ITALY

Derived from the word fog because they bud early and ripen late to be harvested in late October amidst the autumn morning mist, the nebbiolo is a red grape with a strong personality.

Nebbiolo wines – Barbaresco, Barolo, Carema, Gattinara, Langhe Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo d’Alba, Roero – have a distinctive full-bodied structure with fruity and spicy aromas.

The vines are prominent in Piedmont and generally in north-eastern Italy where they are paired with appetisers, first and second courses. Among these are a condiment made with the wine and this enigmatic dish – one of the legendary rice dishes of the world.

Risotto

  • 1.5 ml beef broth
  • 350 g carnaroli rice
  • 1 shallot, chopped small
  • 20 ml olive oil
  • 15 g butter
  • 5 g salt

Sauce

  • 750 ml Barbaresco red wine / Barolo red wine
  • 4 pears, halved, cored
  • 1 celery, cubed small
  • 1 carrot, cubed small
  • 1 shallot, cubed small
  • 10 black peppercorns
  • 10 juniper berries
  • 5 cloves
  • 1 bay leaf

Finish

  • 400 g Castelmagno cheese

Put the carrots, celery, shallots in a saucepan with the wine, add bay leaf, cloves, juniper berries and peppercorns.

Bring to the boil, continue until the liquid is reduced by half and the vegetables are soft.

Some versions call for a smooth sauce. If this is your choice leave the mixture to cool, then blend. Return to the saucepan, add the pears, simmer for 15 minutes.

As soon as the wine mixture begins to reduce start the risotto.

Sauté shallot in butter and oil over a low heat for ten minutes.
Increase heat, add rice, coat and toast for five minutes. Reduce heat to medium.

Pour in a ladleful of hot stock, cook until the stock is absorbed. Add a large pinch of salt.

Keep adding ladlefuls of stock one at a time allowing the rice to absorb the liquid, continuing until the rice is al dente, no more than 20 minutes. Taste for flavour and add more salt if necessary.

Finish with a ladle of stock, half of the cheese and some butter, cover, leave to rest for ten minutes.

Scatter the remaining grated cheese on the serving plates, arrange the risotto on one side and the pears and wine sauce on the other side of each plate.


Indigenous Ingredients

Cheese
Pear
Rice
Wine

Legendary Dishes | Risotto con Gamberi (rice with melon and prawns)

ITALY
  • 1.5 ml fish stock, heated
  • 1 melon, halved, skinned, deseeded, flesh cut into cubes
  • 350 g baldo rice
  • 250 g prawns
  • 2 shallots, chopped
  • 75 g parmigiano cheese, grated
  • 50 ml wine
  • 20 ml olive oil
  • 15 g butter
  • 10 g black pepper, freshly ground
  • Saffron, large pinch
  • Salt, pinch

Put half of the melons cubes into a food processor, refrigerate the paste.

In a deep, wide frying pan sauté shallots in butter and oil over a low heat, about 15 minutes.

Increase heat to medium, coat and toast rice, add wine and a ladleful of broth.

Repeat until the rice absorbs the liquid.

After the third ladle add the melon paste.

Reduce heat to low, stir and repeat until the stock is finished and the rice is al dente.

Add the melon cubes and push the prawns into the rice, then the saffron and seasonings and finally the cheese.

Leave to rest for ten minutes.


Legendary Dishes | Risotto all’Ardenza (rice with fish)

ITALY
  • 1.2 litres fish stock
  • 320 g arborio rice
  • 400 g mussels cooked with 100 ml wine
  • 120 g onion, chopped
  • 100 g prawns
  • 100 g scallops
  • 100 g squid, cut small
  • 50 ml dry white wine
  • 5 garlic cloves, crushed, chopped
  • 30 ml olive oil
  • 20 g butter, for frying and dressing
  • 5 g peperoncino
  • 1 tbsp cilantro / parsley

Add mussel liquid to fish stock.

Sauté garlic and onion in butter and oil in a deep, wide frying pan over a low heat, about ten minutes.

Increase heat to high, coat rice, toast for three minutes, stirring constantly.

Pour in the wine and allow to evaporate, decrease heat to medium, add a ladleful of the hot stock, simmer and stir until the liquid is absorbed.

Repeat until rice is creamy but not cooked through, about 15 minutes.

There should be some liquid floating on the surface of the rice.

Stir the prawns, scallops and squid into the rice.

Turn heat to low.

Lay the cooked mussels on top of the rice.

Complete with butter, cilantro or parsley and peperoncino.


Indigenous Ingredients

Cilantro
Garlic
Mussels
Peperoncino
Prawns
Rice
Scallops
Squid
Wine

Legendary Dishes | Risotto in Bianco (white rice)

ITALY

Risotto is toasted rice slow-cooked in an aromatic stock with a butter-oil-onion base and a cheese and seasoning finish. It is made with a variety of ingredients. This is the basic risotto recipe where every risotto cook must start.

The choice of rice for basic risotto is arborio and the quantity is 350 grams to one and half litres of broth. Generally the quantity of rice across the range of risotto dishes is 320 grams to 1.2 litres of liquid, but this varies with the type of risotto rice – with Arborio, Baldo, Carnaroli, Roma and Vialone Nano the popular choices, Arborio favoured more than the others because it has a large grain and keeps its shape during cooking.

However we are going to remain consistent with all our risotto recipes and use 320 grams of rice, with baldo as our choice.

The story of risotto rice is told here.

  • 1.3 litres vegetable broth, heated
  • 320 g baldo rice
  • 100 g onions, chopped small
  • 30 g + 45 g grana padano / parmigiano, grated
  • 60 ml white wine
  • 15 g + 15 g butter
  • 20 ml olive oil
  • 1 tsp black pepper, freshly ground
  • Salt, large pinches

Sauté onion in butter and oil over a low heat for ten minutes.

Increase heat, add rice, coat and toast for five minutes. Reduce heat to medium.

Deglaze pan with white wine.

Pour in a ladleful of hot stock, cook until the stock is absorbed. Add a large pinch of salt.

Keep adding ladlefuls of stock one at a time allowing the rice to absorb the liquid, continuing until the rice is al dente, no more than 20 minutes. Taste for flavour and add more salt if necessary.

Finish with a ladle of stock, dots of butter across the surface and about a tablespoon of grated cheese, grana padano or parmigiano. Season with black pepper.

Cover, leave to rest for ten minutes.

Serve with grated cheese. Use three tablespoons to enhance the flavour.




Some years ago the Italian Trade Commission in conjunction with Regione Lombardia and Ente Nationale Risi produced a booklet ‘to promote awareness and increase the popularity of risotto,’ which they described as ‘a traditional dish from the Lombardy region’.

This is their version of the basic recipe.

Fry some very finely chopped onion with butter slowly and carefully so as not to colour the onion.

When the onion is soft, add all the rice in one go and stir to heat the rice through for about 5 minutes, taking care not to brown either the rice or the onion.

When the rice is crackling hot, add a glass of dry white wine and stir for one minute to evaporate, then immediately begin to gradually add the hot stock. Each time add only enough stock to cover the risotto as it cooks, then stir gently until it has been absorbed and add only then add the next quantity. Continue in this way until the rice is cooked through which will be after 20 minutes.

When the rice is cooked but not mushy, the risotto is ready. Add the final quantity of butter and a handful of freshly grated grana padano, stir and cover. Leave to stand for 2 or 3 minutes before serving.


Legendary Dishes | Risotto alla Milanese (rice with cheese and saffron, Milan-style)

VialoneNanoRice
ITALY

Milan in the 1500s was the centre of rice production in Italy. An irrigation system of canals and locks criss-crossed Piedmont, Lombardy and the Veneto, covering the length of the Po Valley from the alps to the Adriatic. Now the rice varieties known as arborio, baldo, carnaroli and vialone nano are grown for the purpose of making a fabulous range of creamy risotto dishes. One more than any other has come to symbolise the rice of the Po Valley – Risotto alla Milanese.

Risotto alla Milanese is also made with beef stock, bone marrow, butter and white wine, the marrow being added with the onions, the white wine to deglaze and the butter as a finish. A third version has Marsala wine. Pancetta can replace the marrow.

  • 1.5 litres chicken stock, heated
  • 350 g vialone nano rice
  • 150 g onions, chopped
  • 100 g parmigiano, grated
  • 20 saffron filaments, ground, soaked in 100 ml of hot stock

Saute onions in butter in a deep, wide frying pan over a low heat, about ten minutes.

Coat and toast the rice in the butter and onions.

Increase heat to medium, coat and toast rice in the butter and onions, add a ladleful of broth.

When the rice absorbs the liquid, add more stock and continue for ten minutes, then add the saffron-infused stock.

Add more stock, cook until rice is al dente, a further seven minutes.

Dress with cheese, cover and leave to rest for ten minutes.

Legendary Dishes | Risotto con Gamberoni (rice with melon and prawns / shrimp)

ITALY
  • 1.5 ml vegetable broth, heated
  • 1 melon, medium-sized
  • 350 g carnaroli rice
  • 250 g prawns / shrimp
  • 125 g parmigiano, grated
  • 2 shallots, chopped
  • 20 ml olive oil
  • 15 g butter
  • 10 g black pepper, freshly ground
  • Saffron, large pinch
  • Salt, pinch

Cut melon into two halves, deseed and skin, cut into flesh into cubes.

Put half the cubes into a food processor, refrigerate the paste.

In a deep, wide frying pan sauté shallots in oil over a low heat, about 15 minutes.

Increase heat to medium, coat and toast rice, add a ladleful of broth, the remaining melon and shrimp.

When the rice absorbs the liquid, add more stock.

After three minutes add the melon paste, increase heat, stir and cook until the rice absorbs the liquid.

Reduce heat to low, keep stirring, add more stock and test, adding another ladleful of stock if necessary.

When the rice is al dente, add cheese, saffron and salt.

Leave to rest for ten minutes.

Legendary Dishes | Risotto de Pesse alla Polesana (rice with fish of the Adriatic)

ITALY
  • 1.5 litres fish stock, heated
  • 350 g carnaroli rice
  • 300 g fresh shellfish – clams, mussels, razor clams, shrimp – all whole; cuttlefish, squid – chopped small)
  • 100 g onion, chopped
  • 75 ml dry white wine
  • 50 g parmigiano, grated
  • 2 garlic cloves, crushed, chopped
  • 20 g butter, for frying and dressing
  • 15 ml olive oil
  • 15 g parsley, chopped
  • 1 tsp black pepper, freshly ground

Sauté garlic and onion in butter and oil in a deep, wide frying pan over a low heat, about ten minutes.

Increase heat to high, coat rice, toast for three minutes, stirring constantly.

Pour in the wine and allow to evaporate, decrease heat to medium, add a ladleful of the hot stock, simmer and stir until the liquid is absorbed.

Repeat until rice is creamy but not cooked through, about 15 minutes.

There should be some liquid floating on the surface of the rice.

Turn heat to low.

Lay the fish on top of the rice, in stages according to the cooking requirements of the fish, covering the pan each time – for clams, mussels and shrimp about five minutes, for cuttlefsh and squid about ten minutes.

Complete with butter, cheese, parsley and pepper.

Remove from heat, leave to rest for ten minutes.

Legendary Dishes | Risotto alla Baccalà Mantecato (rice with whipped cod)

ITALY
  • 1.5 litres vegetable stock, heated
  • 350 g carnaroli rice
  • 200 g Baccalà Mantecato
  • 65 g grana padano, grated
  • 40 g butter
  • 15 g parsley, chopped
  • Olive oil, for frying

In a deep, wide frying pan over a high heat, toast the rice in oil, add a ladleful of hot stock and stir continuously until the liquid is absorbed.

Decrease heat to medium, add another ladleful of stock, simmer and stir until the liquid is absorbed.

Repeat this process until the rice is al dente, about 12 minutes.

Add the creamed cod, stir into rice, cover and simmer over a low heat for five minutes.

Finish with butter, cheese and parsley.

Remove from heat, leave to rest for ten minutes.

Legendary Dishes | Risotto alla Stoccafisso (rice with flaked cod)

ITALY

Venetian restaurants pre-cook a basic risotto to save time, halting the procedure after ten minutes when the rice is part-cooked. Ironically, given the relationship the people of the lagoon have with air-dried cod, it is the perfect method for risotto alla stoccafisso.

  • 1.5 litres fish stock, heated
  • 350 g carnaroli rice
  • 150 ml milk
  • 150 g stockfish (air-dried cod), rehydrated
  • 60 g grana padano, grated
  • 40 g butter, for frying and finish
  • 30 ml white wine
  • 15 g parsley, chopped
  • Olive oil, for frying

In a deep wide frying pan, toast the rice in butter and oil over a medium heat, deglaze with wine and begin to add hot stock one ladleful at a time.

Stop after ten minutes.

Cover the pan, turn off heat, allow to cool, then remove contents to a separate container.

Resume cooking after several hours in a clean frying pan.

An hour before resumption, place the cod in a saucepan, cover with milk and simmer over a low heat.

Drain the milk from the cod, flake it and stir into the rice.

Increase heat, add stock and continue until the rice is al dente, about ten minutes.

Finish with butter and cheese, garnish with parsley.

Legendary Dishes | Risotto alla Buranella / Risotto di Gò (ghiozzo di laguna – creamy rice in fish stock)

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ITALY

A traditional speciality of Burano in the Venetian archipelago, made with carnaroli or vialone nano rice and a fish stock made with ghiozzi, the small goby fish of the lagoon, it is impossible to replicate unless you live in Venice.

A fish stock made from fresh anchovies or sardines or sprats is a respectable substitute. It will not replicate the ‘piacevole sapore e gran carattere’ (pleasant taste and great character) of the goby.

Da Primo, Osteria Al Fureghin, Raspo De Ua, Ristorante Da Forner, Trattoria Al Gatto Nero and Trattoria da Romano keep this delicious risotto on their menus, while Osteria Al Museo add baccalà to their version. 

  • 2 litres water
  • 500 g goby fish
  • 320 g carnaroli / vialone nano 
  • 2 celery stalks
  • 1 onion
  • 100 g butter
  • 100 g Parmigiano cheese, grated
  • 50 ml white wine
  • 30 g olive oil 
  • 1 garlic clove, crushed 
  • 1 tbsp parsley, chopped small

Put the fish into a large saucepan with water, onion and celery, bring to the boil and simmer for an hour. Strain into a separate pot and keep warm.

Pour two tablespoons of oil into a large, deep frying pan, sauté the garlic for a few minutes without letting it brown, toast the rice until it begins to stick to the pan.

Decrease heat, deglaze with wine and start adding the stock (about 1.2 litres), allowing the rice to absorb the liquid until it is al dente.

Cream with butter and cheese.

Turn heat off, cover and rest for ten minutes.

Dress with parsley.


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